If a fire breaks out in your home, you have to get out fast.
Have a Plan: The best way to survive a fire in your home or apartment is to sit down with your family and agree on an escape plan. Decide on a meeting place outside where everyone will meet after they escape. Once there are at least two members of your family at your meeting place, send one member to a neighbor's house to call the fire department. Practice your plan.
Know Two ways Out: Plan two escape routes from every room in your home. If you live in an apartment or high rise, know all building exits. Count the number of doorways between your apartment and the two nearest exits. Do not use an elevator as an exit!
Unlocking Doors and Windows: Know how they operate and Make sure they open easily and fully. All security-barred windows and doors should be equipped with quick-release devices that every household member can operate
Practice your home fire escape plan twice a year,
making the drill as realistic as possible.
- Give Your Address
- Give Your Name
- Tell Them Your Emergency
- Wait For Instructions
- Always Hang Up LAST !!!
Test Doors Before You Open Them: Kneeling or crouching at the door, reach up as high as you can and touch the door with the back of your hand. If the door is cool, open it cautiously and continue along your escape route. If it is hot, keep the door closed and use your 2nd escape route or stay in your room.
Crawl Low Under Smoke: If you must exit through smoke, crouch or crawl. Heat and smoke rise; cleaner, cool air will be 12" to 24" inches above the floor.
Get Out and Stay Out! If you return to your home, your chances of severe injury or death are doubled.
Stop, Drop and Roll! If your clothing catches fire, stop where you are, drop gently to the floor, cover your face with your hands to protect your face from flames, and roll over and over to smother the flames. If you can't drop to the floor, smother the flames with a blanket or towel.
If You Are Trapped: Remain Calm. Close all doors between you and the smoke. If there is a phone in the room, call the fire department and tell the dispatcher where you are trapped. Call the fire department even if you see fire trucks out your window. Stuff rags, towels or clothing in the cracks around doors to keep smoke out. Wait at a window, and signal firefighters by waving a cloth or flashlight and wait to be rescued.
Once you're out, stay out!
Under no circumstances should you ever go back into a burning building. If someone is missing, inform the fire department dispatcher when you call. Firefighters have the skills and equipment to perform rescues.
-- Pull together everyone in your household and make a plan. Walk through your home and inspect all possible exits and escape routes. Households with children should consider drawing a floor plan of your home, marking two ways out of each room, including windows and doors. Also, mark the location of each smoke alarm.
-- A closed door may slow the spread of smoke, heat and fire. Install smoke alarms in every sleeping room, outside each sleeping area and on every level of the home.
-- Everyone in the household must understand the escape plan. When you walk through your plan, check to make sure the escape routes are clear and doors and windows can be opened easily.
-- Choose an outside meeting place (i.e. neighbor's house, a light post, mailbox, or stop sign) a safe distance in front of your home where everyone can meet after they've escaped. Make sure to mark the location of the meeting place on your escape plan.
-- Ensure your street number is clearly visible from the road. If not, paint it on the curb or install house numbers to ensure that responding emergency personnel can find your home.
-- If there are infants, older adults, or family members with mobility limitations, make sure that someone is assigned to assist them in the fire drill and in the event of an emergency. Assign a backup person too, in case the designee is not home during the emergency.
-- If windows or doors in your home have security bars, make sure that the bars have emergency release devices inside so that they can be opened immediately in an emergency. Emergency release devices won't compromise your security - but they will increase your chances of safely escaping a home fire.